Moku Hanga is a 17th century Japanese woodblock technique (Moku-wood, Hanga-print). Centuries ago, the Chinese used this process for making books containing Buddhist text.  In the 8th century in Japan, Empress Koken commissioned a million Moku Hanga books to be circulated among temples. In the 17th century Japan adopted Moku Hanga more widely and artists continued to perfect the art adding secular imagery. Using water-based pigments, carving images into cherry blocks and printing with a hand tool called a baren to transfer inks to paper, the woodblock holds a valuable place in art history.